Semitic relatives

  • Ouhalla J
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Abstract

This article evaluates a promotion-based analysis for Semitic relatives
along the lines of Kane 1994 and compares it with an alternative
analysis that does not make use of promotion but shares with Kayne's
analysis an antisymmetric view of phrsae structure. The alternative
analysis is based on establishing a parametric distinction relating
to categorial identity of the relative clause such that it is a CP
in some languages and a DP in others. The first type is found in
languages where the relative complementizer is the same as teh normal
complementizer of sentential complementation (e.g., Hebrew). The
second type is found in languages where the relative complementizer
is a determiner (e.g., Amharic and Arabic). this difference is shown
to have crucial implications for the structure and derivation of
N-initial and N-final relatives, as well as for some relevant typological
generalizations, including a generalization relating to the phenomenon
of (relative) clause nominalization.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Construct state versus free state relatives
  • Cp versus DP relative clauses
  • External versus internal nominalization
  • N-initial versus N-final relatives

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Authors

  • Jamal Ouhalla

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