Sequestration of glyceryl trinitrate (nitroglycerin) by cardiopulmonary bypass oxygenators

  • Booth B
  • Henderson M
  • Milne B
 et al. 
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Abstract

The effectiveness of glyceryl trinitrate (nitroglycerin) in controlling myocardial ischemia and blood pressure during coronary artery bypass graft surgery is frequently lost during surgery, possibly as a result of drug sequestration by the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit. The objective of this study was to utilize a gas-liquid chromatographic assay to determine the extent of removal of glyceryl trinitrate from the priming fluid by the bubble and membrane oxygenators. The apparatus was maintained at either 25 or 37 degrees C, the two extreme temperatures experienced by the patient during bypass surgery. At apparent steady state, the circulating glyceryl trinitrate concentration was decreased by 20.6%, 46.6%, and 67.3% with the Maxima membrane oxygenator, Cobe membrane oxygenator, and Bentley bubble oxygenator, respectively. The three-layer defoaming filters that are used in the Bentley bubble oxygenator were studied by immersing each of the three filters in fluid containing 60 nM glyceryl trinitrate and monitoring the drug concentration in Plasmalyte. The filters sequestered approximately 90% of the glyceryl trinitrate from the bathing solution of which 31% was recovered with a single methanol wash of the polyurethane filter. These data demonstrate that the different oxygenators used in the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit remove glyceryl trinitrate to varying degrees from the circulating fluid

Author-supplied keywords

  • Arteries
  • Blood Pressure
  • Canada
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass
  • Chromatography,Gas
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Human
  • Ischemia
  • Myocardial Ischemia
  • Nitroglycerin
  • Ontario
  • Oxygenators
  • Oxygenators,Membrane
  • Pressure
  • Support,Non-U.S.Gov't
  • Universities
  • analysis
  • blood
  • filters
  • instrumentation
  • oxygenator
  • pharmacology
  • surgery
  • temperature

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Authors

  • B P Booth

  • M Henderson

  • B Milne

  • F Cervenko

  • G S Marks

  • J F Brien

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