Journal article

Severe ozone air pollution in the Persian Gulf region

Lelieveld J, Hoor P, Jöckel P, Pozzer A, Hadjinicolaou P, Cammas J, Beirle S ...see all

Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics, vol. 9, issue 4 (2009) pp. 1393-1406

  • 1

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A

    Citations

    Citations of this article.
Sign in to save reference

Abstract

Recently it was discovered that over the Middle East during summer ozone mixing ratios can reach a pronounced maximum in the middle troposphere. Here we extend the analysis to the surface and show that especially in the Persian Gulf region conditions are highly favorable for ozone air pollution. We apply the EMAC atmospheric chemistry-climate model to investigate long-distance transport and the regional formation of ozone. Further, we make use of available in situ and satellite measurements and compare these with model output. The results indicate that the region is a hot spot of photochemical smog where European Union air quality standards are violated throughout the year. Long-distance transports of air pollution from Europe and the Middle East, natural emissions and stratospheric ozone conspire to bring about relatively high background ozone mixing ratios. This provides a hotbed to strong and growing indigenous air pollution in the dry local climate, and these conditions are likely to get worse in the future.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • J. Lelieveld

  • P. Hoor

  • P. Jöckel

  • A. Pozzer

  • P. Hadjinicolaou

  • J.-P. Cammas

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free