Shadow banking, relationship banking, and the economics of depression

  • Bianco A
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Abstract

A simple methodological accounting model of the influence of financial markets over the real economy is presented here. The model allows a tidy comparison of relationship and shadow banking, interpreted as alternative schemes of liquidity (not credit) risk management. The model emphasizes the interdependencies in entrepreneurs’ animal spirits, liquidity risk management (LRM) schemes adopted by financial institutions, and effective demand of households. The underlying idea is that fluctuations in the composition of property incomes trigger fluctuations in non-financial investment that, in turn, drive fluctuations in spending: the model thus shows up as an endogenous money version of the widow’s cruse (capitalists earn what they spend). The article finds that both relationship and shadow banking must have a pro-cyclical impact, and differences are essentially based on different LRM aggregate cost functions. The model suggests that securitisation does not per se affect the financial sustainability of a growth process, yet regulatory measures aimed at checking predatory lending and re-securitisation (CDO) activities are needed to avoid possible adverse impacts on animal spirits. JEL codes: E44, G20, O16.

Author-supplied keywords

  • animal spirits
  • ex ante impact evaluations
  • financial sustainability
  • liquidity risk
  • originate-to-distribute
  • originate-to-hold
  • securitisation

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Authors

  • Antonio Bianco

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