Signs at the Top: Habitat Features Influencing Snow Leopard Uncia uncia Activity in Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal

  • Wolf M
  • Ale S
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Abstract

We used logistic regression to examine factors that affected the spatial distribution of sign (scrapes, feces, footprints, spray or scent marks, and rubbing sites) in a newly reestablished population of snow leopards (Uncia uncia) in Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park, Nepal. Our results indicate that terrain and human activity were the most important factors determining the spatial distribution of leopard activity, whereas presence of their major prey species (Himalayan tahr [Hemitragus jemlahicus]) had only a moderate effect. This suggests that localities at which these animals are active represent a trade-off between suitable habitat and avoidance of potential risk from anthropogenic origins. However, the influence of prey presence was likely underestimated because of the methodology used, and likely weighed in the trade-off as well.

Author-supplied keywords

  • a central theme in
  • activity patterns
  • and abundance of organisms
  • ecology is the study
  • human activity
  • nepal
  • of the interactions
  • predator
  • prey
  • sign data
  • that determine spatial distribution
  • uncia uncia

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Authors

  • Mosheh Wolf

  • Som Ale

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