Silviculture in the eastern deer yards

  • Telfer E
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Abstract

[Summary from ISI: Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) congregate during the winter in yards (areas affording protection from snow and cold winds), which are easily destroyed by forestry practices. Aerial reconnaissance is recommended to map yards and record intensity of use. Canopy structure is the most important aspect of stands used as yards. Silvicultural practices to increase stand density and crown length and ensure adequate browse include: light high thinning to encourage understorey trees (Abies balsamea, Tsuga canadensis, Thuja occidentalis); removal of large broadleaved trees; and further thinning of Pinus strobus, P. resinosa and Picea spp. In previously logged or burned areas underplanting the broadleaved regeneration (browse) with fir and spruce (shelter) is advised... Yards on open, southerly aspects should be protected from wind by planting spruce, and browse encouraged by aerial fertilization or sowing grasses. Yards along the E. coast or the Great Lakes also need increased browse and shelter, by retaining an unbroken belt of forest along the shore.]

Author-supplied keywords

  • coniferous forest
  • fire
  • forest
  • forest management
  • habitat
  • northeastern united states
  • wildlife

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Authors

  • E S Telfer

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