OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the efficacy of first-line cytotoxic chemotherapy plus bevacizumab and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of angiogenic genes in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: DNA was extracted from blood samples of 125 patients, and 12 SNPs were evaluated for association with the objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) rs833061 T/T was associated with superior ORR compared to its alternative genotypes (75.9 vs. 50.8%; p = 0.008), and the interleukin 8 rs4073 A/A genotype tended to be associated with poor ORR (45.0 vs. 66.0%; p = 0.067). The median PFS and OS were superior in patients with the fms-related tyrosine kinase 1 (FLT1) rs9513070 A/A genotype (8.7 vs. 6.6 months; p = 0.001 and 26.4 vs. 16.1 months; p = 0.038, respectively). The kinase insert domain receptor rs1531289 G/G genotype tended to be associated with improved PFS (8.0 vs. 7.1 months; p = 0.069). In haplotype analysis, the FLT1 rs9513070/rs9554320/rs9582036 GCA haplotype was associated with inferior PFS and OS (p = 0.004 and p = 0.041, respectively). CONCLUSION: The VEGFA rs833061 SNP is associated with the ORR, and the FLT1 rs9513070 SNP and FLT1 GCA haplotypes are associated with PFS and OS in advanced CRC patients treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy plus bevacizumab.
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