Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Investigation of the Q -Dependence of the Flory−Huggins Interaction Parameter in a Binary Polymer Blend

  • Zirkel A
  • Gruner S
  • Urban V
 et al. 
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Abstract

It is usually assumed that the Flory−Huggins interaction parameter χ in polymer blends can be represented by a structureless, pointlike interaction. On a local scale, however, the Flory−Huggins parameter must show a spatial dependence as it basically reflects the segment−segment interaction potential. We show that SANS can be used to access this spatial dependence and that even in the SANS regime, a pronounced Q dependence of χ is found. The polymer blend used in the experiments was a polystyrene/poly(p-methylstyrene) blend. As we did not want to rely on literature values for the segment lengths of PS and PPMS, respectively, we measured the isotope blends of h-PS/d-PS and h-PPMS/d-PPMS separately. A modified random phase formula based on the PRISM theory of Schweizer and Chandler is used to evaluate the data and fit a simple model to χ(Q). We find that the range of a Yukawa-like segment−segment interaction potential is about 9 Å.

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Authors

  • A Zirkel

  • S M Gruner

  • V. Urban

  • P. Thiyagarajan

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