Smectic-A Phase of a Bidisperse System of Parallel Hard Rods and Hard Spheres

  • Koda T
  • Numajiri M
  • Ikeda S
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Abstract

A binary system of parallel hard spherocylinders and hard spheres are considered to examine influence of addition of spherical molecules to the pure system of rod-like molecules, expecially the influence on the structure of the smectic-A phase. Free energy of the system is calculated through the second virial approximation, and nematic-smectic-A transition is estimated by stability analysis of nematic state with sinusoidal density fluctuation. Constant pressure Monte Carlo simulation is also used to confirm a prediction of the stability analysis which prediction indicates that the addition of spherical molecules induces a smectic-A phase as a microphase separation between the spheres and the spherocylinders

Author-supplied keywords

  • Mixture
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Nematic
  • Smectic
  • Spherocylinder

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Authors

  • Tomonori Koda

  • Manabu Numajiri

  • Susumu Ikeda

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