Protest activity has become a central means for political change in Chile. We examinethe association between social media use and youth protest, as well as mediating andmoderating mechanisms of this relationship, using survey data collected in Chile in 2010.We found that Facebook use was associated significantly with protest activity, even aftertaking into account political grievances, material and psychological resources, values, andnews media use. The link between overall Facebook use and protest activity was explainedby using the social network for news and socializing rather than when it was used forself-expression. Postmaterialist values and political ideologies were not found to moderatethe association between Facebook use and protest.
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