Sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with relapse in schizophrenia

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with relapse in schizophrenia. The study group consisted of a convenience sample of 40 schizophrenia patients (20 patients each in relapse and remission). Relapse and remission were defined based on clinical criteria (ICD-10 criteria, course since last episode, and duration of remission) and psychometric criteria (scores on Socio-Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale [SOFAS] and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia [PANSS]). The index group was evaluated after the occurrence of current relapse but within 6 months of its onset. Sociodemographic, current psychopathology (PANSS) and functioning (SOFAS), and other (mainly retrospective) variables were assessed with a specifically designed clinical profile sheet, Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Lifetime version, Presumptive Stressful life Events Scale, and World Health Organization Life Chart Schedule for Assessment of Course and Outcome of Schizophrenia. Patients who had relapsed were more symptomatic and exhibited greater dysfunction in comparison to remitted patients. Relapse in schizophrenia was significantly associated with unemployment, number of psychotic episodes, side-effects of medication, and life events score. The present findings suggest that a severe illness (no. psychotic episodes, unemployment), psychological stress and inappropriate treatment (side-effects of medicines) may be causally related to relapse in schizophrenia. However, the possibility that these variables may be caused by relapse or may be explained by a common underlying variable needs to be assessed prospectively. © 2007 The Authors.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *relapse
  • *schizophrenia/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale
  • adult
  • article
  • causal attribution
  • chlorpromazine/dt [Drug Therapy]
  • clinical article
  • controlled study
  • demography
  • disease severity
  • female
  • functional assessment
  • human
  • life event
  • life stress
  • male
  • mental disease
  • mood disorder
  • neuroleptic agent/ae [Adverse Drug Reaction]
  • neuroleptic agent/dt [Drug Therapy] XT - unspecif
  • occupation
  • outcome assessment
  • psychometry
  • remission
  • retrospective study
  • risk factor
  • scoring system
  • social aspect
  • unemployment
  • unspecified side effect/si [Side Effect]

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Authors

  • Chabungbam G.

  • Avasthi A.

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