The socio-economic impacts of mining on local communities: The case of Jordan

  • Al Rawashdeh R
  • Campbell G
  • Titi A
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Abstract

This paper compares selected socioeconomic indicators (e.g.
unemployment, Human Development Index, poverty, education, health and
environment) in the Southern Region of Jordan with those of its northern
and central parts, with the aim of exploring what impact mining has had
on local communities. According to the development indicators examined,
the South Region of Jordan lags behind, developmentally, the rest of the
country as a whole, and that there appears to be a correlation between
mining activities in the country and lower-than-average performance, as
measured by development indicators. However, this correlation may not be
causation and could be due to other factors at work, mining communities
may be better off than they would have been otherwise. Before and after
mining comparisons of socioeconomic indicators for the locality of Ma'an
provide no indication of faster development relative to the rest of the
country for the same time period. Mining activities in Jordan appear to
largely fail to benefit local communities beyond what is happening in
the country as a whole. Policies and rules need to be developed for
redistributing part of the Jordanian mining companies' wealth to local
communities and in order to offset the local cost of mining. (C) 2016
Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Authors

  • Rami Al Rawashdeh

  • Gary Campbell

  • Awwad Titi

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