Solar and photocatalytic disinfection of protozoan, fungal and bacterial microbes in drinking water

  • Lonnen J
  • Kilvington S
  • Kehoe S
 et al. 
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Abstract

The ability of solar disinfection (SODIS) and solar photocatalytic (TiO2) disinfection (SPC-DIS) batch-process reactors to inactivate waterborne protozoan, fungal and bacterial microbes was evaluated. After 8 h simulated solar exposure (870 W/m2in the 300 nm-10 μm range, 200W/m2in the 300-400 nm UV range), both SPC-DIS and SODIS achieved at least a 4 log unit reduction in viability against protozoa (the trophozoite stage of Acanthamoeba polyphaga), fungi (Candida albicans, Fusarium solani) and bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli). A reduction of only 1.7 log units was recorded for spores of Bacillus subtilis. Both SODIS and SPC-DIS were ineffective against the cyst stage of A. polyphaga. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Bacteria
  • Cysts
  • Disinfection
  • Fungi
  • Photocatalyst
  • Protozoa
  • Solar
  • Spores
  • TiO2

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Authors

  • J. Lonnen

  • S. Kilvington

  • S. C. Kehoe

  • F. Al-Touati

  • K. G. McGuigan

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