Solubility and complexing of Ni in the system NiO-H2O-HCl

  • Lin S
  • Popp R
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Abstract

The solubility of bunsenite (NiO) in Cl-bearing fluids in the range of 450°-700°C, 1-2 kbar was determined using the Ag + AgCl acid buffer technique. Based on the results of the experiments, it is concluded that the associated NiCl02complex is the dominant Ni species in the fluid over the entire temperature-pressure range investigated. The temperature dependence of the equilibrium constant for the reaction NiO(s) + 2HCl0(aq) = NiCl02(aq) + H2O is given by log K = -4.17(±0.55) + 4629(±464)/T(K) at 1 kbar, and log K = -4.75(±0.91) + 5933(±756)/T(K) at 2 kbar. The calculated difference in standard state Gibbs free energy of formation between NiCl02and 2HCl0in kcal is G0(NiCl02) - 2G0(HCl0) = -20.77(±2.22) + 0.03264(±0.0026)T(K), at 1 kbar and G0(NiCl02) - 2G0(HCl0) = -25.01(±1.35) + 0.03264(±0.0016)T(K) at 2 kbar. Comparison of the solubilities of Ni end-member minerals with those of Ca, Mn, Fe, and Mg indicates that nickel minerals generally are the least soluble at a given temperature and pressure. The relatively low solubility of Ni end-member minerals, combined with the relatively low concentration of Ni in most rocks, should result in a quite low mobility of Ni in hydrothermal fluids. © 1984.

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