Some facets of consistency: Replies to Epstein, Funder, and Bem

  • Mischel W
  • Peake P
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Abstract

Both convergences and continuing disagreements are emerging from current analyses of the cross-situational consistency of behavior. Whether one focuses on the overall aggregate of performance regardless of the situation (Epstein, 1983a), or on cross- situational consistencies among the component behaviors, is a choice that depends on goals and paradigm preferences. Alternative routes in the search for consistency, and the diverse goals that each can serve usefully, are discussed. The data that emerge from the long search for consistency are seen as stable; they have been interpreted quite differently, depending on vantage points, criteria, and purposes, which have changed with the different phases of the "classic debate" and with shifts in the concerns and the issues addressed. Finally, problems in the Bern and Funder (1978) and Bern and Allen (1974) searches for cross-situational consistency were reviewed. These investigations implied resolutions qf the consistency problem that were not justified by their studies and were unsupported by the Mischel and Peake (1982) extensions and analyses.

Author-supplied keywords

  • cross-situational consistency in social behavior, reply to criticism of S. Epstein & D. C. Funder & D. J. Bem

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Authors

  • Walter Mischel

  • Philip K. Peake

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