Backgrounf Many authors have expressed concern regarding the efficacy of
psychotherapy, including psychotherapy for people with intellectual
Materials and Methods Recently, many authors have made claims for the
effectiveness of cognitive therapy for treating people with intellectual
disabilities. During this debate, applied behaviour analysis has been
misrepresented by incorrectly labelling behavioural as cognitive
techniques, repeated misrepresentations of behaviourism and attributing
the efficacy of treatment packages to cognitive components of
undemonstrated efficacy when it is more parsimonious to attribute
efficacy to behavioural elements of known efficacy.
Conclusions This article documents and corrects these errors.
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