SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY IN THE FORAGING AREAS OF BREEDING KING PENGUINS

  • Pütz K
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Abstract

Abstract King Penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) from breeding islands in the Indian Ocean (Crozet and Kerguelen Islands) and the Atlantic Ocean (South Georgia and Falkland Islands) were equipped with global location sensors to compare their foraging patterns during different times of the year. In summer, all birds investigated traveled toward the Antarctic Polar Front (APF), irrespective of whether they bred to the north (Crozet Islands, Falkland Islands), within (Kerguelen Islands) or to the south (South Georgia) of this hydrographic feature. Whereas most birds remained north of the APF and foraged in waters of the Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone, some penguins also traveled, or remained (South Georgia), south of the APF and foraged in Antarctic waters. It appeared that food resources in the vicinity of the APF were sufficiently predictable to warrant travel of several hundred km by King Penguins for foraging. Data collected on the winter distribution of King Penguins indicated at least two different forag...

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aptenodytes patagonicus
  • Crozet
  • Falkland Islands
  • Kerguelen
  • South Georgia
  • dispersal
  • global location sensors

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Authors

  • Klemens Pütz

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