Specialization between family and state intergenerational time transfers in Western Europe

  • Igel C
  • Brandt M
  • Haberkern K
 et al. 
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Abstract

Intergenerational time transfers can be differentiated and divided
into two support forms: help and care activities. Adult children
support their elderly parents with more or less intensive and widely
differing transfers ranging from help with household chores and paperwork
to personal care. However, elderly people are also an important source
of intergenerational support, as they help their children by looking
after the grandchildren for example. In general intergenerational
solidarity patterns are influenced by opportunity, need, family and
cultural-contextual structures, which have differing impacts on help
and care: Care is mainly depending on the need structures of the
receiver while help activities to parents and children are primarily
influenced by the opportunity structures of the giver. Additionally,
using the SHARE data, logistic multilevel modeling allows national
help and care levels to be traced back to the provision of public
services. The empirical findings support the ``specialization hypothesis{''}:
A higher national level of social services coincides with less intensive
help and more demanding care. Well-developed welfare states thus
lower the risk of an overburdening of the family and secure the overall
support of older people and young families through efficient collaboration
between family and state.

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Authors

  • Corinne Igel

  • Martina Brandt

  • Klaus Haberkern

  • Marc Szydlik

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