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Journal article

Spectroscopic measurements of the pH in NaCl brines

Millero F, DiTrolio B, Suarez A, Lando G ...see all

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 73, issue 11 (2009) pp. 3109-3114

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Abstract

Spectrophotometric measurements of the pH in natural waters such as seawater have been shown to yield precise results. In this paper, the sulfonephthalein indicator m-cresol purple (mCP, H2I) has been used to determine the pH of NaCl brines. The indicator has been calibrated in NaCl solutions from 5 to 45 °C and ionic strengths from 0.03 to 5.5 m. The calibrations were made using TRIS buffers (0.03 m, TRIS/TRIS-HCl) with known dissociation constants pKTRIS in NaCl solutions [Foti C., Rigano C. and Sammartano S. (1999) Analysis of thermodynamic data for complex formation: protonation of THAM and fluoride ion at different temperatures and ionic strength. Ann. Chim. 89, 1-12]. The values of pH were determined frompH = pKm CP + log {(R - e1) / (e2 - Re3)}where R =578A/434A, the ratios of the indicator absorbance maximum at 578 and 434 nm, e1 = 0.00691, e2 = 2.222 and e3 = 0.1331 [Clayton T. and Byrne R. H. (1993) Spectrophotometric seawater pH measurements: total hydrogen ion concentration scale calibration of m-cresol purple and at-sea results. Deep-Sea Res. 40, 2115-2129]. Measurements were also made in NaCl solutions with different levels of TRIS (0.01-0.11 m). At low levels of TRIS buffer (

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Authors

  • Frank J. Millero

  • Benjamin DiTrolio

  • Andres F. Suarez

  • Gabriele Lando

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