Stability of retrospective self-reports of child abuse and neglect before and after theapy for child abuse issues

  • Paivio S
  • 13

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Abstract

Followed-up a previously reported outcome study evaluating the efficacy of an emotionally focused therapy for survivors of childhood abuse. This study evaluated the stability of self-reports of child maltreatment in the context of reduced psychopathology after therapy. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and measures of symptomatology, abuse resolution, and self-esteem were administered at pretreatment to 44 clients (aged 19-72 yrs) and after 6 mo of therapy to 33 therapy completers. Post-treatment interviews also assessed changes in clients' perceptions of self and abusive and neglectful others. Analyses examined change on dependent measures, as well as the test-retest and alpha reliabilities of CTQ factor scales, and the relationship of CTQ factor scales with pretreatment measures of distress. Analyses reveal significant reductions in psychopathology on all dependent measures and reduced self-blame, negatively biased memories, avoidance, and minimization of the abuse after therapy. Reports of abuse and physical neglect on the CTQ remained stable from pre- to post-therapy. All CTQ dimensions demonstrated good internal consistency and convergent validity with trauma specific measures of distress. Results support the accuracy of retrospective self-reports of childhood abuse. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • 3310:Psychotherapy & Psychotherapeutic Counseling
  • Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
  • Aged (65 yrs & older)
  • Child Neglect
  • Early Experience
  • Emotion Focused Therapy
  • Empirical Study
  • Female
  • Followup Study
  • Human
  • Male
  • Memory
  • Middle Age (40-64 yrs)
  • Psychotherapy
  • Survivors
  • Thirties (30-39 yrs)
  • Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs)
  • abuse resolution
  • adult survivors
  • article
  • child abuse
  • emotionally focused therapy
  • neglect
  • psychopathology
  • retrospective self-report stability
  • self esteem

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Authors

  • Sandra C Paivio

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