Objective: Combined coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are performed in an attempt to reduce the risk of postoperative stroke after CABG surgery in patients with significant or symptomatic carotid artery stenosis. The choice between regional and general anesthesia for CEA is still under debate. Regional anesthesia offers an excellent monitoring technique of the neurologic status of the awake patient during carotid clamping. In an attempt to improve monitoring of the neurologic status and avoid the use of temporary shunting in patients undergoing the combined procedure, a different approach is described combining regional anesthesia for CEA followed immediately by general anesthesia for CABG surgery. Design: Prospective nonrandomized case series. Setting: University hospital. Participants: Twenty patients scheduled for combined CEA and CABG surgery underwent a "staged" anesthetic approach from January to December 2004. Interventions: Pulmonary, femoral artery, and urinary catheters were inserted under local anesthesia. A deep cervical plexus block was then performed and supplemented by a superficial cervical plexus block. The patient was draped for standard combined CEA and CABG surgery. CEA was then performed using standard techniques. Without altering the surgical field, general anesthesia was given and endotracheal intubation performed following the successful CEA. Coronary revascularization was then completed. Measurements and Main Results: CEA and CABG surgery were completed successfully in all patients. There was no need for conversion from local to general anesthesia. Endotracheal intubation was easily performed in all patients. There was no hospital mortality in this series. No neurologic events were observed during the CEA. A reversible ischemic stroke, ipsilateral to the CEA, occurred postoperatively on awakening from CABG surgery in 1 patient. Conclusions: This staged anesthetic approach for combined CABG and CEA surgery is an alternative in this complex subset of patients. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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