This article reports on a patient with an unusual history of ankylosis of the left mandible. The case demonstrates retarded growth on the side of the ankylosis as it occurred at an early age. A gap arthroplasty performed at the angle of the mandible, lower than usual, had produced an adequate result, and a bone graft augmentation genioplasty was performed in an attempt to improve the patient's appearance. Subsequently, a mandibular bone plate implant was successfully placed through the bone graft along the anterior inferior border of the mandible. © 1983.
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