State-space Multivariable Controls to Multi-SISO Controls for Load Reduction of Drivetrain-coupled Modes on Wind Turbines Through Field-testing: Preprint

  • Fleming P
  • Wingerden J
  • Wright A
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In this paper we present results from an ongoing controller comparison study at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL’s) National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The intention of the study is to demonstrate the advantage of using modern multivariable methods for designing control systems for wind turbines versus conventional approaches. We will demonstrate the advantages through field-test results from experimental turbines located at the NWTC. At least two controllers are being developed side- by-side to meet an incrementally increasing number of turbine load-reduction objectives. The first, a multiple single-input, single-output (m-SISO) approach, uses separately developed decoupled and classicially tuned controllers, which is, to the best of our knowledge, common practice in the wind industry. The remaining controllers are developed using state-space multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) techniques to explicity account for coupling between loops and to optimize given known frequency structures of the turbine and disturbance. In this first publication from the study, we present the structure of the ongoing controller comparison experiment, the design process for the two controllers compared in this phase, and initial comparison results obtained in field-testing. Nomenclature

Author-supplied keywords

  • December 2011
  • NREL/CP-5000-53500
  • drivetrain load reductions
  • wind turbine control systems
  • wind turbine design
  • wind turbine field-testing

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  • P Fleming

  • JW Van Wingerden

  • AD Wright

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