Stereotypic explanatory bias: Implicit stereotyping as a predictor of discrimination

  • Sekaquaptewa D
  • Espinoza P
  • Thompson M
 et al. 
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Abstract

Two experiments examined whether a measure of implicit stereotyping based on the tendency to explain Black stereotype-incongruent events more often than Black stereotype-congruent events (Stereotypic Explanatory Bias or SEB) is predictive of behavior toward a partner in an interracial interaction. In Experiment 1 SEB predicted White males' choice to ask stereotypic questions of a Black female (but not a White male or White female) in an interview. In Experiment 2 the type of explanation (internal or external attribution) made for stereotype-inconsistency was examined. Results showed that White participants who made internal attributions for Black stereotype-incongruent behavior were rated more positively and those who made external attributions were rated more negatively by a Black male confederate. These results point to the potential of implicit stereotyping as an important predictor of behavior in an interracial interaction. © 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Intergroup behavior
  • Interracial interaction
  • Prejudice
  • Stereotyping

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