Structural comparison of cytochromes P450 2A6, 2A13, and 2E1 with pilocarpine

  • DeVore N
  • Meneely K
  • Bart A
 et al. 
  • 32

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 37

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Human xenobiotic-metabolizing cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes can each bind and monooxygenate a diverse set of substrates, including drugs, often producing a variety of metabolites. Additionally, a single ligand can interact with multiple CYP enzymes, but often the protein structural similarities and differences that mediate such overlapping selectivity are not well understood. Even though the CYP superfamily has a highly canonical global protein fold, there are large variations in the active site size, topology, and conformational flexibility. We have determined how a related set of three human CYP enzymes bind and interact with a common inhibitor, the muscarinic receptor agonist drug pilocarpine. Pilocarpine binds and inhibits the hepatic CYP2A6 and respiratory CYP2A13 enzymes much more efficiently than the hepatic CYP2E1 enzyme. To elucidate key residues involved in pilocarpine binding, crystal structures of CYP2A6 (2.4 Å), CYP2A13 (3.0 Å), CYP2E1 (2.35 Å), and the CYP2A6 mutant enzyme, CYP2A6 I208S/I300F/G301A/S369G (2.1 Å) have been determined with pilocarpine in the active site. In all four structures, pilocarpine coordinates to the heme iron, but comparisons reveal how individual residues lining the active sites of these three distinct human enzymes interact differently with the inhibitor pilocarpine.

Author-supplied keywords

  • CYP2A13
  • CYP2A6
  • CYP2E1
  • cytochrome P450
  • pilocarpine

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Natasha M. DeVore

  • Kathleen M. Meneely

  • Aaron G. Bart

  • Eva S. Stephens

  • Kevin P. Battaile

  • Emily E. Scott

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free