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Structural Equation Modeling of Mediation and Moderation With Contextual Factors

Little T, Card N, Bovaird J, Preacher K, Crandall C ...see all

Modeling contextual effects in lonitudinal studies (2007) pp. 207-230 Published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

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Researchers often grapple with the idea that an observed relationship may be part of a more complex chain of effects. These complex relationships are de-scribed in terms such as indirect influences, distal vs. proximal causes, interme-diate outcomes, and ultimate causes; all of which share the concept of mediation. Similarly, researchers must often consider that an observed relationship may be part of a more complex, qualified system. These relationships are described using concepts such as interactions, subgroup differences, and shocks; all of which share the concept of moderation. Generally speaking, a mediator can be thought of as the carrier or transporter of information along the causal chain of effects. A moderator, on the other hand, is the changer of a relationship in a system. In this chapter, we explore both empirical and theoretical considerations in modeling mediation and moderation using structural equation modeling. Our

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