Structure of an insect delta-class glutathione S-transferase from a DDT-resistant strain of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae.

  • Chen L
  • Hall P
  • Zhou X
 et al. 
  • 33

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Abstract

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a major family of detoxification enzymes which possess a wide range of substrate specificities. Most organisms possess many GSTs belonging to multiple classes. Interest in GSTs in insects is focused on their role in insecticide resistance; many resistant insects have elevated levels of GST activity. In the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae, elevated GST levels are associated with resistance to the organochlorine insecticide DDT [1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)ethane]. This mosquito is the source of an insect GST, agGSTd1-6, which metabolizes DDT and is inhibited by a number of pyrethroid insecticides. The crystal structure of agGSTd1-6 in complex with its inhibitor S-hexyl glutathione has been determined and refined at 2.0 A resolution. The structure adopts a classical GST fold and is similar to those of other insect delta-class GSTs, implying a common conjugation mechanism. A structure-based model for the binding of DDT to agGSTd1-6 reveals two subpockets in the hydrophobic binding site (H-site), each accommodating one planar p-chlorophenyl ring.

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Authors

  • Liqing Chen

  • Pamela R Hall

  • Xiaoyin E Zhou

  • Hilary Ranson

  • Janet Hemingway

  • Edward J Meehan

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