Structure of the Mn4-Ca cluster as derived from X-ray diffraction

  • Kern J
  • Biesiadka J
  • Loll B
 et al. 
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The catalytic centre for light-induced water oxidation in photosystem II (PSII) is a multinuclear metal cluster containing four manganese and one calcium cations. Knowing the structure of this biological catalyst is of utmost importance for unravelling the mechanism of water oxidation in photosynthesis. In this review we describe the current state of the X-ray structure determination at 3.0 A resolution of the water oxidation complex (WOC) of PSII. The arrangement of metal cations in the cluster, their coordination and protein surroundings are discussed with regard to spectroscopic and mutagenesis studies. Limitations of the presently available structural data are pointed out and possible perspectives for the future are outlined, including the combination of X-ray diffraction and X-ray spectroscopy on single crystals.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Mn-cluster
  • Photosystem II
  • Radiation damage
  • Structure
  • Water oxidizing complex
  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy
  • X-ray diffraction

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  • Jan KernLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

  • Jacek Biesiadka

  • Bernhard Loll

  • Wolfram Saenger

  • Athina Zouni

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