Structuring of Macroporous Silicon for Applications as Photonic Crystals

  • Uller F
  • Birner A
  • Lehmann V
 et al. 
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Abstract

Uniformity and high refractive index contrast make macroporous silicon an ideal two-dimensional photonic crystal, that can be tailored over a wide range of frequencies. For optical transmission measurements the porous silicon has to be structured further. Light has to be coupled in perpendicular to the pore axis and to traverse a well defined number of pore layers. For this purpose a lateral structuring technique has been developed that allows to remove the porous silicon with a precision of less than one pore lattice constant. Bars of macroporous silicon which are 100 µm high, 2–200 µm wide and several mm long have been prepared. These bars have been aligned with designed defect structures like linear or bent waveguides in the porous silicon. The achieved samples are well suited to investigate the optical properties of these defects with light traveling perpendicular to the pore axis.

Author-supplied keywords

  • macroporous silicon
  • microstructuring
  • photonic crystal
  • waveguides

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Authors

  • F Uller

  • A Birner

  • V Lehmann

  • S Ottow

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