Students’ motivational profiles in physical education and achievement outcomes: A self-determination theory perspective

  • Boiché J
  • Sarrazin P
  • Grouzet F
 et al. 
  • 22

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Previous studies in education have inspected the relations between students’ autonomous versus controlled motivation and relevant outcomes. In most of those studies a global index of self-determined motivation was created. The purpose of this article was to examine (a) how the different types of motivation proposed by Self-Determination Theory combine into distinct profiles as identified by cluster analysis and (b) the links between those profiles and objective criteria of achievement. In Study 1, motivation toward physical education was assessed at the beginning of a 10-week gymnastics teaching cycle, and performance was assessed at the end of the cycle among a sample of high school students (N =
210). Study 2 (N = 215) extended Study 1 by controlling students’ initial performance, measuring the effort they exerted and recording their grades. Cluster analyses revealed three motivational profiles: self-determined, non-self-determined, and moderate levels of both types of motivation. Path analysis showed that the self-determined profile was related to the highest achievement. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for the assessment of students’ motivation and the consequences of motivational profiles for educational outcomes.

Author-supplied keywords

  • achievement
  • and significant contributor to
  • as decades of research
  • in education is unquestionable
  • in educational settings have
  • motivation is a consistent
  • motivational profile
  • self-determination theory
  • stressed
  • students
  • the importance of motivation

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • J C Boiché

  • P G Sarrazin

  • Frédéric M E Grouzet

  • L G Pelletier

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free