Students' Probabilistic Thinking in Instruction

  • Jones G
  • Langrall C
  • Thornton C
 et al. 
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In this study we evaluated the thinking of 3rd-grade students in relation to an instructional program in probability. The instructional program was informed by a research-based framework that included a description of students' probabilistic thinking. Both an early- and a delayed-instruction group participated in the program. Qualitative evidence from 4 target students revealed that overcoming a misconception in sample space, applying both part-part and part-whole reasoning, and using invented language to describe probabilities were key patterns in producing growth in probabilistic thinking. Moreover, 51% of the students exhibited the latter 2 learning patterns by the end of instruction, and both groups displayed significant growth in probabilistic thinking following the intervention.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cognitive Development
  • Curriculum
  • Elementary
  • Instructional Assessment
  • Instructional Intervention
  • K-8
  • Learning
  • Probability
  • Reasoning

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  • Graham A Jones

  • Cynthia W Langrall

  • Carol A Thornton

  • A Timothy Mogill

  • Jones, Graham A.

  • Langrall, Cynthia W.

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