In order to prevent the vanadium crossover and preferential water transfer in all-vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB), three methods - electrolyte soaking, oxidation polymerisation and Electrodeposition, were used to modify Nafion 117 membranes using pyrrole. The surface of the modified membranes was uniform and even, and the membranes were characterised in terms of morphology, membrane area resistance, vanadium permeability and water transfer property. The properties of all the modified membranes were improved greatly. The membranes modified by Electrodeposition showed a best combination of the membrane resistance, vanadium permeability and water transfer property, the experimental results showed that the V(IV) ion permeability of polypyrrole modified Nafion membranes by Electrodeposition at the conditions of 0.025 mA cm-2 and 0??C for 60 min reduced more than 5 times from 2.87 ?? 10-6 cm2 min-1 to 5.0 ?? 10-7cm2 min-1, and the water transfer property decreased more than 3 times from 0.72 ml/72 h cm2 to 0.22 ml/72 h cm2. All above properties made the modified Nafion membranes more applicative in the VRFB system. This paper also reported other methods for Nafion membrane modification and the influences of the deposition conditions on the properties of the membrane selectivity and water transfer. ?? 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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