Study of the anticancer properties of methyl- and phenyl-substituted carbon- and silicon-bridged ansa-titanocene complexes

  • Mijatović S
  • Bulatović M
  • Mojić M
 et al. 
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The previously known complexes [Ti{(Me2CMe2C) (η5-C5H4)2}Cl2] (1), [Ti{Me2C(η5-C5H4)2}Cl2] (2), [Ti {Me2Si(η5-C5H4)2}Cl2] (4), [Ti{MePhSi(η5-C5H4)2}Cl2] (5) and [Ti{MePhSi(η5-C5Me4)2}Cl2] (6) have been prepared following reported procedures. The novel complex [Ti{MePhC(η5-C5H4)2}Cl2] (3) has been prepared and characterized. The cytotoxic activity of 1-6 has been tested after 72 h on melanoma A375 and B16, prostate cancer DU145 and LNCaP and colon cancer HCT116, SW620 and CT26CL25 cell lines observing a high cytotoxic activity of complexes 1 and 6 compared to the reference compound ([Ti(η5-C5H5)2}Cl2]). 1 and 6 have also been tested against primary normal mouse keratinocytes and lung fibroblasts. While viability of both type of primary cells was significantly less affected by 1 in comparison to the reference compound [Ti(η5-C5H5)2Cl2], compound 6 was completely nontoxic for nonmalignant cells, indicating a potential selectivity of this compound towards cancer cell lines. In addition CFSE staining, cell cycle analysis, AnnexinV-FITC/PI staining, detection of caspase activity and mitochondrial potential showed that 1 and 6 were acting through inhibition of proliferation and subsequent induction of mitochondrial dependent apoptosis in colon cancer cell lines, HCT116 and SW620, which express low sensitivity to cisplatin. Compound 6 was found to be the leading drug in this group since it shows the fastest and most selective anticancer profile. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Caspase detection
  • Cell cycle analysis
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Primary cells
  • Titanocene derivatives

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