A study of progression in learning about ‘the nature of science’: Issues of conceptualisation and methodology

  • Leach J
  • Driver R
  • Millar R
 et al. 
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This paper describes a study of progression of young people's understandings of 'the nature of science' from age 9 to age 16. The paper aims to problematise the notion of 'progression in learning', and to describe the methodology used in the study in the context of a range of possible methodologies for studying progression in learning science. Findings relating to young peoples' characterisations of the nature of scientific knowledge and empirical enquiry are presented, and age-related trends are discussed. A framework for considering students' reasoning about aspects of 'the nature of science' is proposed. Finally, uses and limitations in the use of data from cross-sectional studies on progression are considered.

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  • John Leach

  • Rosalind Driver

  • Robin Millar

  • Phil Scott

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