Subsidiary knowledge flows in multinational corporations: Research accomplishments, gaps, and opportunities

  • Michailova S
  • Mustaffa Z
  • 222


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 68


    Citations of this article.


Research on knowledge flows in multinational corporations has grown considerably over the last 15 years or so. Part of the growth has resulted in the field becoming more " fluid" and thus prone to multiple definitions and measures of the same notions and constructs, as well as leading to contrary findings. We systematically and critically review the literature on knowledge flows in multinational corporations that has defined the subsidiary as the focal unit of analysis. We classify existing studies into four categories depending on the focus of examination: outcomes of knowledge flows, knowledge characteristics, actors involved in the knowledge flows, and relationships between these actors. On the basis of 92 articles published in 15 top management and international business journals from 1996 to 2009 inclusive we identify key accomplishments, existing gaps and future research directions. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Knowledge flows
  • Multinational corporations
  • Research accomplishments
  • Research directions
  • Research gaps
  • Subsidiaries

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text


  • Snejina Michailova

  • Zaidah Mustaffa

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free