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Journal article

Sudden infant death syndrome in infants of substance-abusing mothers

Davidson Ward S, Bautista D, Chan L, Derry M, Lisbin A, Durfee M, Mills K, Keens T ...see all

The Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 117, issue 6 (1990) pp. 876-881

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A population-based study was performed to determine whether substance abuse during the perinatal period may be a risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The incidence of SIDS was studied in 2143 infants of substanceabusing mothers (ISAM) born in Los Angeles County during 1986 and 1987 who were reported to the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services because of a history of drug exposure or positive urine test results in the mother, infant, or both. By comparing the ISAM birth reports with records of autopsy-proven SIDS in Los Angeles County, we found 19 SIDS cases in the population of 2143 ISAM, a SIDS rate of 8.87 cases per 1000 ISAM (95% confidence interval 5.3 to 13.8). This was significantly higher than the SIDS rate for the non-ISAM general population: 396 SIDS deaths among 325, 372 live births, an incidence rate of 1.22 cases per 1000 births, p

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  • Sally L. Davidson Ward

  • Daisy Bautista

  • Linda Chan

  • Margo Derry

  • Arthur Lisbin

  • Michael J. Durfee

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