Suicide in recently admitted psychiatric in-patients: A case-control study

  • Hunt I
  • Bickley H
  • Windfuhr K
 et al. 
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Abstract

Background: Around a quarter of in-patient suicides occur within the first week of admission to psychiatric in-patient care. Little is known on the factors associated with suicide during this critical time. We aimed to identify risk factors for suicide among in-patients within the first week of admission. Methods: A national population-based case-control study of 107 current psychiatric in-patients in England who died by suicide within a week of admission, matched on admission date with 107 living controls. Results: Forty-two (40%) suicide cases died within the first 3 day of admission. A fifth of all suicides were on authorised leave at the time of death, but 34% were off the ward without staff agreement compared to only 1% of controls. Independent risk factors for suicide included previous self-harm, recent adverse life events, and a short (

Author-supplied keywords

  • Case-control study
  • Psychiatric in-patients
  • Suicide

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Authors

  • Isabelle M. Hunt

  • Harriet Bickley

  • Kirsten Windfuhr

  • Jenny Shaw

  • Louis Appleby

  • Nav Kapur

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