Surgical site infection rates in laparoscopic versus open colorectal surgery

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to use the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database to evaluate the incidence of postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs) between laparoscopic (LAP) and open colorectal surgery. The 2008 ACSNSQIP Participant Use File was queried by Current Procedural Terminology codes for colorectal surgery cases. SSI rates were compared between groups using Pearson chi-square and Fisher exact tests. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the LAP approach and/or SSIs. A total of 7,755 LAP and 16,184 open cases were identified. The laparoscopic group had an SSI rate of 9.4 versus 15.7 per cent for the open group (P

Author-supplied keywords

  • *colorectal surgery
  • *infection rate
  • *laparoscopic surgery
  • *surgical infection/co [Complication]
  • adult
  • age distribution
  • alcohol consumption
  • article
  • body mass
  • comparative effectiveness
  • controlled study
  • diverticulosis/su [Surgery]
  • enteritis/su [Surgery]
  • female
  • functional status
  • gastrointestinal tumor/su [Surgery]
  • human
  • hypertension
  • infection risk
  • intermethod comparison
  • intestine ischemia/su [Surgery]
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • risk assessment
  • risk factor
  • surgical approach
  • surgical risk

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Authors

  • Aimaq R.

  • Akopian G.

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