The symptomatic carotid plaque

  • Golledge J
  • Greenhalgh R
  • Davies A
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Abstract

Background--The natural histories of equally severe symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid stenoses are very different, which suggests dichotomy in plaque behavior. The vascular biology of the symptomatic carotid plaque is presented in this review. Summary of Review--Histology studies comparing asymptomatic and symptomatic plaques were identified from MEDLINE. Reports in which stenosis severity was not stated or not similar for symptomatic and asymptomatic patients were excluded. In vitro studies and reports from the coronary circulation were reviewed with regard to the vascular biology of the plaque. Histology studies comparing carotid plaques removed from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients reveal characteristic features of unstable plaques: surface ulceration and plaque rupture (48% of symptomatic compared with 31% of asymptomatic, P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Carotid artery diseases
  • Leukocytes

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Authors

  • Jonathan Golledge

  • Roger M. Greenhalgh

  • Alun H. Davies

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