Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder in Veterans of Operation Desert Storm.

  • Axelrod S
  • Morgan C
  • Southwick S
  • 1


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


Objective: The present report is part of a follow-along investigation focusing on the evolution of trauma-related symptoms in veterans of Operation Desert Storm. The goal of the current report was to examine three hypotheses on the relationship between severity of war-related trauma, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and symptoms of borderline personality disorder with a mixed retrospective/prospective design. Method: Ninety-four National Guard reservists completed self-administered measures of combat-related trauma, PTSD symptoms, and borderline personality disorder features after their Gulf War duty. Results: Consistent with study hypotheses, prewar features of borderline personality disorder predicted variability in postwar PTSD symptoms beyond that predicted by combat exposure, combat exposure predicted variability in postwar features of borderline personality disorder, and PTSD severity assessed shortly after combat exposure accounted for additional variability in subsequent features of borderline personality disorder. Conclusions: Taken together, the present findings suggest that trauma, symptoms of PTSD, and features of borderline personality disorder are related to one another in a complex fashion that may exceed simple linear models. Clinical and research implications for the relationships among trauma, PTSD, and borderline personality disorder are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Borderline Personality Disorder
  • *Combat Experience
  • *Military Veterans
  • *Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Experiences (Events)
  • Military Psychology
  • Symptoms
  • War

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Seth R Axelrod

  • C Andrew I I I Morgan

  • Steven M Southwick

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free