Synthesis and characterization of flame retardant hyperbranched polyurethanes for nano-composite and nano-coating applications

  • Patel R
  • Patel K
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Flame retardant hyperbranched polyurethanes were prepared by reacting phosphorous containing triol, tris(bisphenol-A) mono phosphate, castor oil, and polyethylene glycol with different diisocyanates like TDI, IPDI and HMDI via A2+B3 method. In this method A2 reactants were diisocyanates along with castor oil and polyethylene glycol whereas phosphorous containing triol was used as B3 reactant and dibutyltin dilaurate (DBTDL) was used as catalyst. Synthesized polyurethans were characterized by gel-permeation chromatography (GPC), elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and 1H NMR spectroscopic techniques. Neat polyurethanes were used for preparing films. Nano-clay composites were prepared with various concentration of organomodified montmorillionite nano-clay. Flame retardant, Thermal and mechanical properties of these hyperbranched polyurethanes and their nano-composites were found out. The polyurethanes and their formulations with nano-clay were also used for the coating of mild steel panels. Scratch, pencil, and impact hardness, flexibility and adhesion properties of coated panels were also determined. Observations show an increase in the scratch hardness and flexibility with the introduction of clay. All the coatings show excellent chemical resistance properties compare to their linear counterpart.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Flame retardant
  • Hyperbranched polyurethanes
  • Nano-coatings
  • Nano-composites
  • Thermal and mechanical properties

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  • Rasmika H. Patel

  • Kaushal S. Patel

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