Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 135, issue 2 (2013) pp. 877-885
Photon management in solar cells is an important criterion as it enables the capture of incident visible and infrared photons in an efficient way. Highly luminescent CdSeS quantum dots (QDs) with a diameter of 4.5 nm were prepared with a gradient structure that allows tuning of absorption and emission bands over the entire visible region without varying the particle size. These crystalline ternary cadmium chalcogenides were deposited within a mesoscopic TiO(2) film by electrophoretic deposition with a sequentially-layered architecture. This approach enabled us to design tandem layers of CdSeS QDs of varying band gap within the photoactive anode of a QD solar cell (QDSC). An increase in power conversion efficiency of 1.97-2.81% with decreasing band gap was observed for single-layer CdSeS, thus indicating varying degrees of photon harvesting. In two- and three-layered tandem QDSCs, we observed maximum power conversion efficiencies of 3.2 and 3.0%, respectively. These efficiencies are greater than the values obtained for the three individually layered photoanodes. The synergy of using tandem layers of the ternary semiconductor CdSeS in QDSCs was systematically evaluated using transient spectroscopy and photoelectrochemistry.
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