Technology adoption in developing country contexts : testing water for microbial contamination

  • Cabral C
  • Lucas P
  • Gordon D
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Abstract

Models for technology adoption build on theories of behavioural change (reviewed in Aquatest working paper 03/09) and attempt to understand what motivates and influences the adoption of new technologies. The technology adoption literature suggests that the key influences on whether or not a new technology is adopted are: perceived usefulness of the technology; ease of use; social influences (including social norms); and facilitating conditions (including external resource availability, perceived and actual control, and compatibility with normal work patterns). Important moderating influences (which affect the degree to which each of the key influences predicts adoption) include: voluntariness of use (i.e. whether adoption of the new technology is voluntary, or compulsory as it may be for professionals within a work context); experience (of the technology); gender; and age. The few empirical studies of technology adoption models in developing countries found good evidence for the role of the key influences and some evidence for the role of voluntariness and experiences as moderating factors in these contexts. Several developing country studies emphasised the important role of facilitating conditions, where multiple restrictions on material, human, infrastructure and institutional resources could form a major barrier to adoption

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Authors

  • Christie Cabral

  • Patricia Lucas

  • Dave Gordon

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