Temperature dependence of exciton diffusion in conjugated polymers

  • Mikhnenko O
  • Cordella F
  • Sieval A
 et al. 
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Abstract

The temperature dependence of the exciton dynamics in a conjugated polymer is studied using time-resolved spectroscopy. Photoluminescence decays were measured in heterostructured samples containing a sharp polymer-fullerene interface, which acts as an exciton quenching wall. Using a ID diffusion model, the exciton diffusion length and diffusion coefficient were extracted in the temperature range of 4-293 K. The exciton dynamics reveal two temperature regimes: in the range of 4-150 K, the exciton diffusion length (coefficient) of similar to 3 nm (similar to 1.5 x 10(-4) cm(2)/s) is nearly temperature independent. Increasing the temperature up to 293 K leads to a gradual growth up to 4.5 nm (similar to 3.2 x 10(-4) cm(2)/s). This demonstrates that exciton diffusion in conjugated polymers is governed by two processes: an initial downhill migration toward lower energy states in the inhomogenously broadened density of states, followed by temperature activated hopping. The latter process is switched off below 150 K.

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Authors

  • O. V. Mikhnenko

  • F. Cordella

  • A. B. Sieval

  • J. C. Hummelen

  • P. W.M. Blom

  • M. A. Loi

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