See, stats, and : https : / / www . researchgate . net / publication / 6014364 Temporal involved : An - related brain ARTICLE Impact : 3 . 3 : 10 . 1016 / j . neuropsychologia . 2007 . 07 . 023 : PubMed CITATIONS 115 READS 165 2 : Yan Charité 18 SEE Shihui Peking 167 , 745 SEE All - text , letting . Available : Yan Retrieved : 08 Neuropsychologia 46 (2008) 160 – 173 Abstract Previous neuroimaging studies have identified a neural circuit that is involved in empathy for pain . However , the temporal dynamics of neural activities underlying empathic processes remains poorly understood . This was investigated in the current study by recording event - related brain potentials (ERPs) from healthy adults who were presented with pictures or cartoons of hands that were in painful or neutral situations . Subjects performed a pain judgment task that required attention to pain cues in the stimuli or a counting task that withdrew their attention from these cues . The ERP results showed early differentiation between painful and neutral stimuli over the frontal lobe at 140 ms after sensory stimulation . A long - latency empathic response was observed after 380 ms over the central – parietal regions and was more salient over the left than right hemispheres . The early and late empathic responses were , respectively , modulated by contextual reality of stimuli and by top - down attention to the pain cues . Moreover , the mean ERP amplitudes at 140 – 180 ms were correlated with subjective reports of the degree of perceived pain of others and of self - unpleasantness . The ERP results support a model of empathy for pain consisting of early emotional sharing and late cognitive evaluation .
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