Temporal and life history related trends of perfluorochemicals in harbor porpoises from the Danish North Sea

  • Galatius A
  • Dietz R
  • Rigét F
 et al. 
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Abstract

Eighty-five stranded or bycaught harbor porpoises collected from the Danish North Sea between 1980 and 2005 were analyzed for perfluorochemicals in the liver. PFOS was the predominant compound, making up on average 88.9% of the ∑PFC, followed by PFOSA (7.8%). PFUnA (1.9%) and PFDA (1.2%) were detected in most samples. PFHxS, PFNA and PFOA were only found in a minority of the samples. We found substantial differences in PFC concentrations among life history stages, the highest concentrations were found in neonates, suckling juveniles and lactating females. Such differences should be considered when PFC levels in wildlife are evaluated. The high concentrations found in young porpoises are of concern as PFCs have known toxic effects on the development of the central nervous system and reproductive organs. Despite efforts to reduce PFC emissions, a decreasing temporal trend of concentrations was not detected for any compound. PFCA concentrations were found to be increasing. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Harbor porpoise
  • Life history
  • Liver
  • North Sea
  • Perfluorinated chemicals
  • Temporal trend

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