The tenacious goal pursuit and flexible goal adjustment scales: Examination of their validity

  • Mueller D
  • Kim K
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This study tested the unidimensionality of the Tenacious Goal Pursuit (TGP) and Flexi- ble Goal Adjustment (FGA) scales and examined the relationships of the factors mea- sured in these scales with two criterion constructs (happiness and self-acceptance) and with age in a sample 292 adults (rangingfrom 50 to 90 years). Confirmatory factor analy- ses revealed that to adequately account for the response patterns forTGPandFGAitems, the model must also include two correlated item-keying factors (direct keyed and reverse keyed). The modified model showed a close fit to the data, but large portions of variance in theTGPandFGAitem scores were explainedby the item-keying factors rather than by the target factors. The target factors measured by the TGP and FGA items showed the same directional relationships with happiness and self-acceptance and no relationship with each other. Neither TGP nor FGA are related to age.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Accommodative flexibility
  • Assimilative tenacity
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Flexible goal adjustment
  • Tenacious goal pursuit

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  • Daniel J. Mueller

  • Kyung Kim

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