Skip to content
Journal article

Theory of mind associations with other cognitive functions and brain imaging in normal aging

Charlton R, Barrick T, Markus H, Morris R ...see all

Psychol Aging, vol. 24, issue 2 (2009) pp. 338-348

  • 3


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.
  • N/A


    ScienceDirect users who have downloaded this article.
Sign in to save reference


The study investigated age-related differences in theory of mind and explored the relationship between this ability, other cognitive abilities, and structural brain measures. A cohort of 106 adults (ages 50-90 years) was recruited. Participants completed tests of theory of mind, verbal and performance intelligence, executive function, and information processing speed and underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (measurement of whole brain volume, volume of white matter hyperintensities, and diffusion tensor imaging of white matter integrity). Theory of mind ability declined with increasing age, and the relationship between theory of mind and age was fully mediated by performance intelligence, executive function, and information processing speed and was partially mediated by verbal intelligence. Theory of mind performance correlated significantly with diffusion tensor imaging measures of white matter integrity but not with volume of white matter hyperintensities or whole-brain volume. Theory of mind age-related decline may not be independent of other cognitive functions; it may also be particularly susceptible to changes in white matter integrity.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Social Perception
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging/*physiology/psychology
  • Anisotropy
  • Brain/*anatomy & histology/*physiology
  • Cognition Disorders/diagnosis
  • Cognition/*physiology
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests/statistics & numerical da
  • Reaction Time/physiology
  • Risk Factors

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in


  • R A Charlton

  • T R Barrick

  • H S Markus

  • R G Morris

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below