Thermoelectric materials: A brief historical survey from metal junctions and inorganic semiconductors to organic polymers

  • Taroni P
  • Hoces I
  • Stingelin N
 et al. 
  • 74

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 13

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

The use of thermoelectric technology is attractive in many potential applications, such as energy scavenging from waste heat. The basic principles for harvesting electricity from a temperature gradient were first discovered around 180 years ago, but the contemporary technology utilising inorganic semiconductors was only developed since the early 1950s. The widespread use of this platform has so far been limited by a combination of relatively low efficiency in energy conversion or by issues related to the utilisation of rare, expensive and/or toxic elements that can be difficult to process. Recently much interest has been focused on the use of organic materials in thermoelectric devices, prompted by the possibility of developing large-area, low-cost devices. Considerable research in the last 20 years has been focused on understanding and improving organic thermoelectric properties, with remarkable progress recently published for compounds such as PEDOT and others. Here we provide an overview into thermoelectricity, from the initial discoveries made by Johann Seebeck to modern practical applications including the current trends in organic thermoelectric research.

Author-supplied keywords

  • molecular electronics
  • nanostructures
  • polymers
  • semiconductors
  • thermoelectricity

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Prospero J. Taroni

  • Itziar Hoces

  • Natalie Stingelin

  • Martin Heeney

  • Emiliano Bilotti

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free