Patients undergoing chemotherapy often develop symptoms of neurological side effects such as numbness, pain, and weakness in a stocking-and-glove pattern. Yet few therapies are available to treat this condition. We examined the efficacy of therapy based on Kampo diagnosis in three cases of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). These patients all had severe cases, and the symptoms of CIPN interfered with their daily lives even after the cessation of the offending drugs. Early cessation of the drug therapy would be ideal, but in some cases where chemotherapies were effective against cancer, CIPN was worsened by prolonged administration. With the initiation of therapy based on Kampo diagnosis, the subjects of these case reports showed marked improvement in their daily activities. The Kampo diagnosis of CIPN is not only Jinkyo, as Tankaku, Kiutsu, and other Kampo clinical conditions can be candidates. We consider that the traditional way of Kampo diagnosis can provide options for the treatment of CIPN.
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